Did you Know?

---Disney paid George Lucas $4.05 billion for Lucasfilms in 2012.

---Of those US presidents who have fulfilled their term in office, James Buchanan is considered to be the worst. The reason given is for his refusal to challenge either the spread of slavery or the growing bloc of states that became the Confederacy.

--- The Pentagon says 71 percent of America’s 34 million 17-24 year old population would fail to qualify for enlistment. 

---English inventor Thomas Parker, who was responsible for innovations such as electrifying the London Underground, overhead tramways in Liverpool and Birmingham, and the smokeless fuel coalite, built the first production electric car in London in 1884, using his own specially designed high-capacity rechargeable batteries.

---The Kaman K-225 was the first turbine-powered helicopter in the world.

---The Old Man of the Lake is a 30-foot (9 m) tall tree stump, most likely a hemlock, that has been bobbing vertically in Oregon’s Crater Lake since at least 1896.

---In English, the word ‘news’ is derived from the plural form of ‘new.’

---By 2012, production costs to make a penny had risen to 2.41˘ per penny. However, when one considers how many times a penny changes hands (hundreds of thousands; perhaps millions of times), the additional cost is considered to be worth it.

---While Alexander Fleming is the man who discovered penicillin, it was Dr. Howard Florey, a professor of pathology and director of the Sir William Dunn School of Pathology at Oxford University who was was able to develop it into a usable vaccine. The variety of penicillin used to produce the modern vaccine was discovered on a cantaloupe in Peoria,IL in 1941. The first patient to be treated and cured was in 1942.

---Of the three lowest nutritional value vegetables (celery, cucumbers, iceberg lettuce) iceberg lettuce is probably the lowest as the other two at least include water.

---Kale is the most nutritious vegetable you can eat.

---The Dunning–Kruger effect is a cognitive bias, wherein persons of low ability suffer from illusory superiority when they mistakenly assess their cognitive ability as greater than it is. The cognitive bias of illusory superiority derives from the metacognitive inability of low-ability persons to recognize their own ineptitude. Without such self-awareness they cannot objectively evaluate their actual competence or incompetence.

---A cangue  is a large, flat, square or rectangular device that was formerly used in some Asian countries like a portable pillory for confining the neck and sometimes also the hands as punishment

---Despite the impression left by Disney films, specifically 'The White Wilderness', lemmings do not commit mass suicide.

---There are seven nations in the world that are considered theocracies. All but one are Islamic. The other is Catholic.

---Andrew Johnson and Bill Clinton are the only two presidents to have been successfully impeached by the House of Representatives, and both were later acquitted by the Senate.

---Impeachment is exceedingly rare. Congress has initiated a mere 62 impeachment proceedings in U.S. history, with 19 cases going to trial and just eight federal officials being convicted. No members of the House or Senate have ever been impeached. (Often, those guilty simply resign).

---Only 8.3% of the world's money is in hard currency. The rest is in 1s and 0s in the world's computers.

---According to the Theodore Roosevelt Association, Mr. Roosevelt was the first president to be submerged in a submarine; the first president to own a car; the first to have a telephone in his home; and the first to entertain an African-American, Booker T. Washington, in the White House. He was also the first to fly in a plane, but this was after he had left office.