Did you Know?

---There are three city-states in the modern world: Vatican City, Monaco, and Singapore.

---Approximately 20% of colonial settlers remained loyal to the King.

---When the war against the British started in 1775, the major aim was not independence but autonomy within the British Empire.

---During WWII, only 15% of the material designated for the war was used in the Pacific. The rest was sent to Europe or used for training and defense.

---The Liberty engine was completely modular allowing it to be built as an inline four, V-8, inline 6, or V-12.

---During WWII, more men  in the 8th Air Force were killed than those in the USMC.

---According to the last US census, 20 million Americans live in trailers/mobile homes. Not surprisingly, the majority of owners are in the lower income levels or are retirees who don't need all the space.  https://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-24135022

---According to statistics from the FBI, in the US, unarmed people killed by police are more likely to be minorities. For more info, visit this link.

---The people of Denmark consume more candy per person than any other nation at 29.5 pounds a year.

---In humans, the half-life for caffeine is anywhere from 4 to 6 hours on average, which explains why the average energy drink or coffee's effect lasts about 4 to 6 hours.

---The US built 88,000 tanks during WWII, more than any other nation.

---With this word being tossed around quite a bit in the last year or so, I thought it might be interesting to see its definition. It is up to you to see if it applies. From the Merriam-Webster dictionary:

Cult (noun):

a a system of religious veneration and devotion directed toward a particular figure or object.
"the cult of St. Olaf"

---The metric system was first proposed in 1791. It was adopted by the French revolutionary assembly in 1795, and the first metric standards (a standard meter bar and kilogram bar) were adopted in 1799. There was considerable resistance to the system at first, and its use was not made compulsory in France until 1837.

---As of the end of FY 2017, the USAF's 119 F-35s had only a 55% Mission Capable rate. Those aircraft that are worse are the B-1, B-2 and F-22.

---Cats purr at a frequency of 20-140 Hz.

--- Since 1990, the U.S. Air Force fighter inventory has been cut in half and current Air Force fighter aircraft are, on average, more than 25 years old.

---An oligarchy is a small group of people having control of a country, organization, or institution. For example, Russia is frequently considered an oligarchy because it is ruled by the very wealthy.

---Spanning 3,365 miles (5,415 km), US route 20 is the longest road in the United States

---The number of people living in abject poverty has fallen by approximately 137,000 a day for the last 25 years.

---In the early 1980s a Canadian couple, Bill and Barbara Curtis were convinced that a nuclear war was imminent and wanted to choose the safest place in the world to live. They researched the problem carefully and finally, late in 1981, they moved with their children, Timmy and Annette, to their chosen refuge, the Falkland Islands, where they felt sure they would be safe from war. Argentine troops invaded just 6 months later.

---Olives are soaked in lye to remove the bitter taste of raw olives.

---A total of 126 squadrons served with Bomber Command. Of these, 32 of these were officially non-British units: 15 RCAF squadrons, eight RAAF squadrons, four Polish squadrons, two French squadrons, two RNZAF/"New Zealand" squadrons, and one Czechoslovakian squadron.

---Scientists came up with a semi conclusive study that suggests we have 7 people in this world who look exactly like us. The chances of us meeting one of them is 1 in 87,500 or 0.00001143%.

---The two nations with their capital cities the closest to each other are Brazzaville, Republic of the Congo and Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo. 20 km.

---No matter where you stand on the matter, all travelers can agree that more pitch and fewer seats in the aircraft is better. American Airlines is doing the opposite by installing more seats and reducing legroom in its 737-800s. The first AA 172-seat Boeing 737-800 has just entered service, with 12 more seats than the other 737-800s in the fleet. The aircraft registered as N979AN returned to Dallas/Fort Worth (DFW) from AA’s maintenance base in Tulsa (TUL) on Sunday May 13, ready to start flying revenue services after cabin modifications.

---When John Lennon and Paul McCarthy started writing songs, they could neither read or write music. They simply memorized the songs. Later their work was transcribed by George Martin.

---Homeopathic medicine was made up by one man, a guy named Samuel Hahnemann. In the late 1700s, he came up with the idea that “like cures like”—that is, any chemical that caused difficulty breathing would cure diseases that make it hard to breathe, or any chemical that causes hives would cure hives. He rejected the germ theory of disease. To him, disease is not caused by viruses or bacteria, it’s caused by substances he called “miasms,” strange cloud-like things that drift through your body. He also believed that the more you dilute something, the stronger it gets, because when you add water to something the water absorbs the “essence” of it. 

---Tokyo, by definition, is a prefecture/state only. There is no such a thing called Tokyo City, although its metropolitan nature makes it look like one. Tokyo prefecture itself comprises 23 wards, 26 cities, 1 commandery, 3 towns, and 1 village, non of them is called "Tokyo".

---As soon as you have bought a diamond, it is worth up to 70% less. Imagine you’ve just bought  a diamond for £5,000 – as soon as you have taken it out of the shop its worth has fallen to £2,000 or less. This is because of the tremendous mark-up made on each stone and the fact that diamonds aren’t nearly as rare as we have been led to believe. In addition, the jeweller has no incentive to buy back your diamond if they are supplied with their diamonds on a consignment basis. In black and white terms, ordinary mined diamonds have absolutely no investment value whatsoever. The valuation you receive is for insurance purposes only. One reason for this is that the deBeers company has basically a monopoly on diamonds so not only determines how many are to be released but sets the prices as well.

---Ford Motor Company will no longer build sedans as of the 2019 model year. With the exception of the Mustang, their full line will be trucks and SUVs.

---Yonge Street in Ontario, Canada is the longest in the world. It runs 86Km/53 mi from the shores of Lake Ontario in Toronto to Barrie without becoming a highway.

---About 80 percent of the jobs in the military are non-combat occupations.

---Between 1869 and 1898, the average size of the US Army was 25,000 officers and men.

---Probably the biggest city in the world in terms of area is Anchorage Alaska at over 1700 square miles.

---Blue Light, which can shut down your brain’s production of the natural sleep hormone melatonin is prevalent in TV and Smart Phone screens. So a smart person will avoid these before sleep.

---Kazakhstan is the world's largest land-locked country.

---There are more journalists imprisoned in Turkey than any other nation in the world.